Lynx Creek – Yavapai County Arizona


Physical features: The Lynx Creek placers are in central Yavapai County, along Lynx Creek from near Walker, 7 miles southeast of Prescott, to its junction with Agua Fria Creek, 13 miles east of Prescott.

Lynx Creek, which flows northward between foothill ridges of the Bradshaw Mountains, and northeast and eastward through conglomerate terraces of Lonesome Valley, has an approximate length of 18 miles. Since it extends between elevations of about 7,000 and 4,600 feet above sea level and drains a large, high region, it receives a considerable amount of water each season and is perennial in its upper, pine-wooded course. At Prescott, which is about 5 miles west of the creek at an elevation of 5,320 feet above sea level, the normal annual fall of rain and snow water is 18.52 inches, the highest temperature recorded was 105 degrees, and the lowest 12 degrees below zero.

Lynx Creek

Early history and production: According to former State Historian Hall, lo the Lynx Creek placers were discovered in 1863 by a party of California miners headed by Capt. Joe Walker. As the news of their discovery filtered back to California, the number of placer miners on Lynx Creek increased to 200 or more. Active work, with hand rockers, pans, and small sluices, continued along the stream for several years before exhaustion of the richest gravels.

Like most placers of the Southwest, unfortunately, no records of the early-day yield are available, but Lynx Creek is noted as one of the most productive gold-bearing streams in Arizona. Raymond reported its 1874 production at $10,000, and Hamilton estimated the total prior to 1881 at $1,000,000. According to A. C. Gilmore, of Prescott, about 100 men were working the Lynx Creek placers prior to 1885, and some of them recovered about $20 per day. W. R. Shananfelt, of Prescott, stated that one man recovered $3,600 in eleven days from the lower reaches of the creek.

Dredging operations: In the late eighties, B. T. Barlow-Massick built a small dam above the present Prescott-Dewey highway bridge, installed a few miles of 30-inch pipe, and did some hydraulicking, but a flood destroyed the dam. About 1900, the Speck Company tried out an old dredge a short distance below the bridge, but the roughness of the bedrock there prevented its success. Later, G. S. Fitzmaurice operated this dredge farther down the creek, but, after recovering about $800 worth of gold, the dredge fell apart. A large patented gold-saving machine was tried out nearby at about this time, but also without success.

In 1927, Lynx Creek Mining Company attempted large-scale operations with a moveable plant consisting of an Insley excavator, a Barber Green stacker, screens, and sluices. During 1932 a California-type dredge was installed in the lower Lynx Creek placer area, on the G. S. Fitzmaurice property, below the dam. The dredge was 50 feet long by 35 feet wide by three stories high and had a capacity of 100 cubic yards per hour. It drew 30 inches of water and normally required about 85 gallons of new water per cubic yard of gravel treated. Approximately twenty men were employed to conduct the operation three shifts per day.

Calari Dredging Company operated this dredge during March-July, 1933, and in sixty-one days treated 60,000 cubic yards of gravel which yielded approximately 32 cents per cubic yard. In June of that year, the dredging was being carried on to an approximate depth of 6 feet. The gravel, as mined with a ,2-yard draghne shovel, was. passed through a 10-inch grizzly, then through a trommel wlth a 5-16-inch screen, whence the oversize went to a stacker, and the undersize into a sluice equipped with 400 square feet of angle-bar riffles.

Of the total gold in the gravels, from 85 to 90 per cent was extracted. It ranged in size from flour up to fragments 0.1 inch in diameter and was accompanied by abundant black magnetic sand.


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Yuma County Arizona Gold

Yuma County, Arizona comprises an area about 156 miles long by 87 miles wide. It is made up of broad desert plains, ridged with sharply eroded fault-block mountains that predominantly trend north northwestward. Most of these ranges do not exceed 35 miles in length and with exception of the central and northern portions of the area are narrow. The attain altitudes 2,000 to 4,000 feet in the southern and western regions, and more than 5,000 feet in the Harquahala Mountains, in the north-eastern part of the county.

The area drains to the Colorado River, which is the only perennial waterway in this region. The Southern Pacific and Santa Fe railways cross Yuma County. Various highways, improved roads and desert car trails traverse the area and lead to the Yuma County Mining Districts. Because of the ruggedness and aridity most of the mountain areas are difficult to prospect, particularly during summer.


Yuma County, which ranks fourth among the gold-producing counties of Arizona has yielded about $13,250,000 worth of gold of which nearly $10,000,000 worth came from lode gold mines. The greater part of this production by the Kofa Mine, Fortuna Mine and Harquahala Mine.

The gold districts are mainly in the northern, central and southwestern portions of the county. With few exceptions, the deposits of economic importance have been found near the margins of the mountains on pediments or gentle slopes rather than on mountain sides or high ridges.


The Cienega District, in northwestern Yuma County, northeast of Parker, contains several copper and gold deposits, a few of which have been of economic importance. From 1870 to 1929, inclusive, the district produced 1,182,473 pounds of copper, 1,935 ounces of silver, and 7,125 ounces of gold. The largest copper producer was the Carnation Mine.

In this district, a thick succession metamorphosed limestone, shale, and quartzite is intruded by granitic masses and overlain, at the southern margin of the district, by basalt. The limestone is from the Carboniferous age.

The Arizona gold deposits, which occur within shear zones in the sedimentary rocks, consist of small pocketed bodies of brecciated country rock, with chrysocolla, malachite, limonite, specularite, and flaky gold. Some of the pockets that have been found were very rich with gold. The deposits have mostly been worked to  shallow depths.

Billy Mack Mine: The Billy Mack mine is 8 miles by road northeast of Parker. The mine made an estimated $65,000 before 1909. From 1909 to 1911, some copper ore was shipped from the property to Swansea, Arizona, smelter. Between 1917 and 1920 the Illinois-Arizona Copper Company made a small production from the mine.

Lion Hill Mine: The Lion Hill mine, held in 1934 by W.H. Manning and others, is south of the Billy Mack Mine and 7 miles by road northeast of Parker. Between 1917 and 1920 the Illinois-Arizona Copper Company shipped some ore from the property. From 1927-1930, the Lion Hill Gold Mining Company shipped several cars of rich gold-copper ore. During 1931-1934, H. Sloan operated a 25 ton amalgamation mill on the property.The total production according to Mr. Sloan amounts to about $30,000 in gold.

The deposit outcrops near the top of a low ridge of metamorphosed limestone that has been considerable faulted and jointed. It’s underground workings include about 2,000 feet of drifts.

Rio Vista Northside Mine: The Rio Vista Northside property of twelve claims, is west of the Lion Hill mine and 5 miles by road northeast of Parker. In 1918-1919 a 275 foot tunnel was put in and three cars of gold-copper ore were produced.

Capilano Mine: The Capilano property is west of Rio Vista, at the end of a low ridge. The mine had a small production of rich gold-copper ore.

Sue Mine: The Sue Mine is about a half a mile north from the Rio Vista property. It has been worked on and off over many years having produced some rich ore.


The Planet copper mining district, the the vicinity of the Williams River, north of Bouse, has produced a little bit of gold.

During 1933-1934, M.W. Martinet, R.W. Geitlinger, D.M. Wenceslaw, and E.L. Craig, lessees, mined more than a car load of rich gold ore from a newly discovered deposit on the Planet Copper Mining Company’s ground, about 2 miles south of the Williams River and 28 miles by road north of Bouse.


Bonanza Mine/ Harquahala Mine and Golden Eagle Mine:

The Bonanza or Harquahala Mine is in the southwestern portion of the Harquahala Mountains at an elevation of 1,800 above sea level. It is accessible by the railway at Salome, by 9 miles of road. The Golden Eagle mine is about a mile northeast of the Bonanza mine.

The Bonanza and Golden Eagle veins were discovered in 1888 and sold to Hubbard and Bowers who organized the Bonanza Mining Company. It is reported that $36,000 from a weeks run of a small amalgamation mill. A 20 stamp amalgamation mill, erected in 1891, made an estimated $1,600,000 in bullion within three years.

In 1893, the Harqua Hala Gold Mining Company Ltd., a British syndicate, purchased the property for $1,250,000, remodeled the mill and sank a new shaft. During 1895, a 150 ton cyanide plant was built to treat the accumulated tailings which ran from $3 to $5 per ton. Both the ore body and tailings were exhausted by the end of 1897, and the mine was sold back to Mr. Hubbard in 1899. Total production of the British company was $750,000.

Smaller productions came and went over the years. The Golden Eagle can be found about a mile northeast of the Bonanza mine and contained a 400 foot shaft.

Socorro Mine: The Socorro mine. located at the southern base of the Harquahala mountains, is accessible from Salome by 11 miles of road.

The Socorro Mining Company acquired this mine in 1901 and within 4 years sank a 375 foot shaft. A 20 stamp mill was built in 1904. Intermittent operation carried on from 1906 until 1914, yielding about $20,000 in gold.

In this vicinity, sheared, coarse-grained granite is overlain by about 150 feet of quartzite, followed by several hundred feet of metamorphosed yellowish-brown limestone and shale. The Socorro vein has been reported to occupy a fault fissure within the granite and sedimentary rocks and has a width of a few inches to a few feet. Free milling ore, consisting of white quartz and oxidized gold bearing iron minerals, was mined above the 250 feet level. Below 250 feet there is pyrite instead of gold found in the material.

San Marcos Mine: The San Marcos mine is located at the northern base of the Harquahala Mountains, and is 5 miles by road to southeast of Wenden.  A small production was made here mostly prior to 1906. A shaft of 540 feet was sunk during that time-frame.

Hercules Mine: The Hercules mine, located also at the northern base of the Harquahala Mountains, is 5 miles by road southeast of Salome. Up to 1909, production was around $10,000 in gold.

Hidden Treasure Mine: The Hidden Treasure mine consists of three claims and is located near the southern base of the Harquahala Mountains, in northeastern Yuma County. It is accessible by 5 miles of road that branches eastward from the Salome-Hassayampa road at a point 11 miles from Salome.  The deposit was located in 1932.  It yielded 22 rail cars of gold ore, thus being a decent producer.

Alaskan Mine: The Alaskan mine, discovered in 1920, is located on a plain south of the Harquahala Mountains in northeastern Yuma County. It is accessible by 8 miles of road that branches eastward from the Salome-Hassayampa road at a point of 13 miles from Salome and continues to Aquila. A small production of silver ore and gold ore was produced here.

More information coming later.


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Cochise County Arizona Gold

Cochise County comprises an area about 80 miles long by 75 miles wide . It consists of wide plains surmounted by large mountain ranges of complexly faulted pre-Cambrian schist and granite, Paleozoic and Cretaceous sedimentary beds, Cretaceous and Tertiary intrusives, and Tertiary volcanic rocks. This county, which ranks third among the gold-producing counties of Arizona, to the end of 1931, produced approximately $30,230,000 worth of gold . Of this amount, about $25,475,000 worth was a by-product from copper ores, mainly from the Bisbee and Courtland districts, and $273,500 worth was a by-product of lead mining.

The Dos Cabezas Mountains, of north eastern Cochise County, constitute north westward trending range, about 20 miles long by 3 to 10 miles wide,with a maximum altitude of 8,300 feet above sea level or more than 4,000 feet above the adjacent plains. Its principal settlement, Dos Cabezas, is at the southwestern foot of the range,15 miles by road and branch railroad from Wilcox, a station on the Southern Pacific Railway.

The range is made up of pre-Cambrian schist and granite, Paleozoic to Mesozoic sedimentary beds, Tertiary volcanic rocks, and Mesozoic or Tertiary intrusives of acid to basic composition. These formations have been affected by complex faulting of both normal and reverse character.

Gold deposits occur in the vicinity of Dos Cabezas; in upper Gold Gulch, northwest of Dos Cabezas; in the Teviston district, at the northern end of the ranger; and in the vicinity of Apache pass, at the southern end of the range. The deposits were discovered prior to Civil War and have been worked intermittently since the 1870′s. Up to 1933, the yield is approximately $182,000 worth of gold. Most of this production was made by the Dos Cabezas district, which also yielded notable amounts of copper, lead and silver. During the past few years the Dives Mine, LeRoy Mine, Gold Ridge Mine, and Gold Prince Mine, have been actively worked. According to the U.S. Mineral resources the gold production for the district amounted to $3,841 in 1930, $11,132 in 1931 and $33,901 in 1932.

In the Dos Cabezas gold district, the formations outcrop in westward trending belts with pre-Cambrian granite on the south, succeeded northward steeply dipping, metamorphosed Cretaceous shale and sandstones and Carboniferous limestone. These rocks are intruded by dikes of Rhyolite-porphyry. The thrust fault zone that separates the Cretaceous strata from the granite contains a vein of coarse-grained white quartz called “The Big Ledge” that obtains a maximum width of 100 feet wide, but locally branches and pinches out. In places this vein carries a little gold, but most of it is very low grade.

The gold-bearing veins of coarse textured, are white to grayish white. The gold appears within sulphides, mainly in galena and is free milling only near the surface. Some of the ore is very rich, but most of it contains less then a half an ounce per ton.

The Dives deposit about 2 1/2 miles by road north of Dos Cabezas and south of the Central Copper mine, was located in 1877 as the Bear Cave claim. During the 1880′s some of its ore was treated at a stamp mill at Dos Cabezas. During 1911-1914, the mine yielded more than $20,000 worth of gold. In 1919 the property was acquired by the Dives Mining Company which erected a 10-stamp amalgamation – concentration mill on the propery and operated actively for a few years. The total production of the mine from 1877 to 1920 is estimated at about $40,000. As many as thirty people were employed at one time at the mine. About two ounces of silver were also gained for every ounce of gold.

The Gold Ridge Mine also having been known as the Casey property is located 2 1/2 miles north of Dos Cabezas and immediately east of the Dives Mine Group. This mine was discovered in 1978 and was originally named the Juniper Mine. Prior to 1881 the mine produced $6,000 worth of gold and silver. During the early 1890′s the Casey brothers worked the mine. In 1917, the mine was organized into the Dos Cabezas Gold Ridge Mining Corporation. The gold bearing veins at this property is in the same belt of shale found at the  Dives Mine property.

The Gold Prince mine is located directly east of the Gold Ridge Mine. It was located in 1878 as the Murphy Mine. From 1918 to 1921, the Gold Prince Mining Company did more than 3,000 feet of underground development work and made a small production with a 25 ton mill. In 1931, the mine shipped several rail cars full of gold ore. In 1932-33, the mine shipped about 54 rail cars full of ore that averaged $12 of gold per ton.

At the north foot of the Dos Cabezas mountains, you will find the Teviston placer diggings. If your looking for some Arizona gold look in the area gulches you can find very nice coarse gold and possibly a gold nugget.

Located 1 1/2 miles northeast of Dos Cabezas is the LeRoy Mine. It was one of the smaller mines in the area, with inner shaft workings about 300 feet. The vein here was 2 to 8 inches wide and very erratic.


The Golden Rule Mine, also known as the Old Terrible Mine of Northern Cochise County in Arizona is a 3/4 mile mile south of Manzoro, a siding of the Southern Pacific Railway. This property was located in the last 1870′s. In 1883, the Tuscan Star and the US mint credited it with production of  $125,000 of gold. $30,000 in gold was reported for the year of 1884 and shows a decline for many years. In 1897, the Golden Rule Mine was sold to the Golden Queen Consolidated Gold Mining Company which built a small mill to improve production. In 1902, the mine was again sold to the Old Terrible Mining Company. The recorded production through 1929 was 9,543 ounces of gold and 317,088 ounces of lead.

The mine is located at the northeastern foot of the Dragoon Mountains. Mining has been done on primarily three veins that lie from 25 to 45 feet apart, parallel to the bedding of limestone. The gold is reported to be found primarily in the iron oxides to a small extent in the quartz.


Twenty miles northwest of Bisbee in southwestern Coshise County Arizona is the Tombstone district. Silver is the main production, but gold has also been found here. From 1879 to 1932, this district produced 29,843,800 ounces of silver and over $5,000,000 worth of gold at the price of gold at that time. Much lead and some copper was also mined in the Tombstone district. Some of the mines in the area were called the West Side Mine, Contention Mine and Lucky Cuss Mine.

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Santa Cruz County Arizona Gold

In Santa Cruz County Arizona gold is there waiting to be found, and the county has historically been one of the smaller producing counties in Arizona. Both lode gold mines and placer gold workings can be found in Santa Cruz County. Records show that the county produced roughly 180,200 ounces of gold between the period of 1900 to 1959.

Oro Blanco District

Gold was first discovered in the Oro Blanco district in 1873, although Indians most likely new about and mined some of the area. The Oro Blanco District is located near Ruby. Lode gold deposits were heavily worked during the 1880′s and production, although slowed, kept on for many years.

Rich placer deposits are also throughout the district especially in  Oro Blanco Gulch and in Viejo Gulch. Alamo Gulch, near the border is also to been reported to be rich in placer gold. Placer deposits can be found on the hillsides as well as the gravels throughout the area. With gold, silver can also be found here. Check Warsaw creek for some very rich placer gold deposits.

Two miles west of Ruby is the Old Glory Mine, which one of the biggest producers in the district. The Margarita Mine just north was a minor producer. Another major producer was the Austerlitz Mine; located just under three miles to the northwest. All mines in the district produced gold in the medium fine to coarse sizes.

Old Glory Mine

Old Glory Mine

Other Locations:

Ten miles south of Patagonia is Harshaw, in the Sonoita creek area are placer deposits.

South of Patagonia by nine miles are placer deposits that were fairly rich deposits. Mowry Wash and tributaries should also be inspected for placer deposits.

Southwest of Salero by 2.25 miles you will find the Tyndall placers.


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Graham County Arizona Gold

Graham County is mostly composed of high desert plains.  The last refuge for Geronimo, the county is now mostly known for agriculture.

Clark District

The Clark district can be found near the town of Ashurst. Drive southwest on Klondyke road. Drive until you reach the railroad. 19 miles onward from the tracks is the gold location. Here you will find quartz outcroppings and many placer workings from the present and past.

Gila River

There are many rich placer deposits along the Gila River, near the town of Safford along Highway 70. In the gravels and benches and on the inside bends of the river flakes and wire gold are not uncommon. Between Bonita Creek and Spring Creek more placer gold locations can be found. There are also many lode gold mines in the Gila Mountains in the Lone Star District and surrounding area.

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Navajo County Arizona Gold

Arizona Gold can be found in Navajo County in the residual clays. Look for these clays in the Painted Desert.

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Coconino County Arizona Gold

In the Painted Desert of Coconino County, Arizona microscopic traces of gold can be found.

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Apache County Arizona Gold

Apache County is known for its broad mesas and fertile valleys, but there is a small bit of gold in the area. Microscopic particles of gold or very small specks can be found in the area of the Painted Hills.

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